United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
UNODC is a global leader in the fight against illicit drugs and international crime. Established in 1997 through a merger between the United Nations Drug Control Programme and the Centre for International Crime Prevention, UNODC operates in all regions of the world through an extensive network of field offices. UNODC relies on voluntary contributions, mainly from Governments, for 90 per cent of its budget.
UNODC is mandated to assist Member States in their struggle against illicit drugs, crime and terrorism. In the Millennium Declaration, Member States also resolved to intensify efforts to fight transnational crime in all its dimensions, to redouble the efforts to implement the commitment to counter the world drug problem and to take concerted action against international terrorism.
The three pillars of the UNODC work programme are:
- Field-based technical cooperation projects to enhance the capacity of Member States to counteract illicit drugs, crime and terrorism
- Research and analytical work to increase knowledge and understanding of drugs and crime issues and expand the evidence base for policy and operational decisions
- Normative work to assist States in the ratification and implementation of the relevant international treaties, the development of domestic legislation on drugs, crime and terrorism, and the provision of secretariat and substantive services to the treaty-based and governing bodies
In pursuing its objectives, UNODC makes every effort to integrate and mainstream the gender perspective, particularly in its projects for the provision of alternative livelihoods, as well as those against human trafficking.
The United Nations Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking (UN.GIFT)is based on a simple principle: human trafficking is a crime of such magnitude and atrocity that it requires a global, multi-stakeholder strategy to address it.
UN.GIFT was established in 2007 as the first global inter-agency initiative made up of the International Labour Organization (ILO), the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the Office of the High Commissioner on Human Rights (OHCHR), the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), aimed at combating human trafficking
The mission of UN.GIFT is to mobilize State and non-state actors to eradicate human trafficking by
(i) reducing both the vulnerability of potential victims and the demand for exploitation in all its forms;
(ii)ensuring adequate protection and support to those who do fall victim, and
(iii)supporting the efficient prosecution of the criminals involved, while respecting the fundamental human rights of all persons.
In carrying out its mission, UN.GIFT will increase knowledge and awareness on human trafficking; promote effective rights—based responses; build capacity of State and non-State actors; and foster partnerships for joint action against human trafficking.